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Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary

Gangetic Dolphins at Vikramshila Dolphin Sanctuary
Gangetic Dolphins at Vikramshila Dolphin Sanctuary
Designated as a sanctuary in the year 1991, the Vikramshila Dolphin Sanctuary, is located in Bhagalpur district of Bihar, India. The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary was established to protect the endangered Gangetic dolphins. The sanctuary is a 50 km stretch of the Ganges River from Sultanganj to Kahalgaon. The Gangetic dolphins have been declared as the National Aquatic Animal of India, by Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh on Monday, 5th October, 2009. Vikramshila Dolphin Sanctuary in Bihar is the only sanctuary in Asia working hard for the conservation of Gangetic dolphins.

Major Attractions at Vikramshila Dolphin Sanctuary


The Gangetic dolphins are the major attractions of this sanctuary and the sanctuary also contains rich diversity of other threatened aquatic wildlife, including the Indian smooth-coated Otter, gharial, variety of freshwater turtles, and 135 species of waterfowl.

Threats for Dolphins at Vikramshila Dolphin Sanctuary


Although the Vikramshila Dolphin Sanctuary is one of the best conservation areas for Gangetic dolphins in Bihar, there are some threats still prevailing to this endangered species here. The threats are caused by the constructed multiple dams and barriers which disrupt free movement of the dolphins. Due to the pollution caused by fertilizers, pesticides and industrial and domestic effluents, there are lots of deaths noted in this area and the negative effect of the pollution are likely to have on the dolphin population. Poaching is also a major problem in this area and killing of the animals for their meat or oil (used as catfish bait), and accidental entanglement in fishing nets is a never ending process in and around the sanctuary.

Best time to Visit & How to Reach


June and October is the best time to visit Vikramshila Dolphin Sanctuary as tourists will get plenty of dolphin sightings during this period of the year. Train is the best medium of transportation to this sanctuary. The nearest railway station is the Bhagalpur Junction which takes visitors.