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Kosi River, Bihar

Floods at Kosi River, Bihar
Floods at Kosi River, Bihar
The river Kosi is truly considered as the 'Sorrow of Bihar' as its uncontrolled journey through the state of Bihar has led to cursed floods and famines. Kosi River flows from Nepal and northern India and with its tributaries this river drains the eastern parts of Nepal and parts of Tibet, including the regions around Mount Everest. About 30 miles (48 km) north of the Indian-Nepalese frontier, Kosi River joins several major tributaries and breaks southward through the Siwalik Hills at the narrow Chatra Gorge.

After travelling from various regions Kosi then emerges on the great plain of northern Indian state Bihar, on its way to the Ganges River, which it enters south of Purnea after a course of about 450 miles (724 km). Because of its great out flushing of debris, the Kosi has no permanent channel in its course through the great plain of northern India.

Kisi River is anyways negatively famous for its devastating floods, which may rise as much as 30 feet (9 m) in 24 hours and which long made vast tracts of northern Bihar unsafe for habitation or cultivation. To prevent the immense loss of life and property now a dam across the Chatra Gorge at Barakakshetra has been constructed that controls floods. This dam also permits irrigation of the floodplain, provides hydropower, and supports fish hatcheries. Corn (maize) is also widely cultivated on the sandy soils of the Kosi's basin.